What you need to know about “The Great Wall”

You can watch the video version of this article HERE

Illegal immigration has been the biggest issue Trump promises to tackle during his presidency, and it was his vehement commitment to building a wall along the border that gained him so many supporters during his campaign. It seems like a simple solution to a problem that has been central to so many on the right, and the President has not backed down from his promise to build The Wall. Trump has already signed two executive orders directing the construction to begin along the U.S-Mexico border. There is a plethora of information floating around the Internet about the still contentious Wall, and I’m here to help answer your questions about the future of our southern border.

Why?

The reasons vary about why we need a wall, from protecting internal wealth, to keeping out criminals and terrorists, to reducing drug imports. There is a general feeling, mostly from the Right, that the current immigration laws simply aren’t strict enough. Many believe the border isn’t nearly as secure as it should be. But a lot of these reasons stem from a place of fear. The fear that our jobs are being taken, the fear that we’re letting in too many criminals, the fear that those coming over are unmotivated and will be a burden to U.S citizens. It’s a fear that has been repeated throughout history, dating back to 1882 when Chester A. Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act. This was the first real immigration law enacted nationally in America, in hopes to protect the jobs that Chinese laborers were willing to do for less. Trump honed in on this fear and made it the main piece of his platform, convincing his audience that a wall separating the two countries could solve many of our problems. But the fact is, unauthorized U.S immigrants account for only 3.5% of the nation’s population, and only 23% of the population view a Wall as vitally important to U.S immigration policy. Despite this, it seems that Trump is planning on keeping his promise to build, so the next question is…

How?

In order to complete this wall, it will have to cover nearly 2,000 miles of land from California, Arizona, New Mexico, to Texas. That’s a lot of land to be covered, much of which is private property. Eminent domain would have to be used to buy this land and force the land owners off of their property, which is typically something Republicans have been against. There is currently fencing covering roughly 40% of the border due to President W. Bush signing the Secure Fence Act back in ’06. Trump has cited the Secure Fence Act as the legal grounds to build a wall. The estimates of how much this wall will cost vary greatly, from $8 billion according Trump, to a whopping $40 billion according to a study published by MIT technology review. $15 billion alone would need to go to labor costs. And speaking of labor, you may be wondering who is going to build this wall, considering finding enough legal, properly documented workers is going to prove difficult to do. About half of Texas’ construction workers are undocumented, and 14% nationwide lack proper authorization. Roughly two thirds of construction firms are having difficulty finding legal workers because of this. It’s become a profession that many younger people in America find unappealing and tend to avoid, leaving a huge deficit in construction laborers.

Who will foot the bill?

President Trump has repeatedly said that Mexico will be paying for this wall, and he is confident despite President Peña Nieto consistently denying this. Republicans are not clear as to how this will happen, but Paul Ryan is sure that if the U.S fronts the money for the Wall, “there are a lot of different ways of getting Mexico to pay for it.” One example of this would be to put a 20% tax on Mexican imports, which gives the U.S the upper-hand since 80% of Mexican exports come into America. This would potentially bring in 10 billion dollars a year and could be a bipartisan agreement to assure that the U.S taxpayer won’t be affected by the cost of the Great Wall. However, this tax would inevitably lead to a surge of prices, ultimately making the American consumer pay in a roundabout way.

How will this affect U.S-Mexico relations?

If the Wall ends up being completed, it’s important to have it guarded from both sides in order to be the most effective it can be. It has taken years to build a cooperative relationship between the two countries, but particularly since 9/11, Mexico has had a cooperative border relationship with America in efforts to stop drug cartels, although migration is still a sensitive topic. Regardless of how the current Mexican President responds to Trump, the upcoming nominees for the general election in Mexico are much less likely to cooperate with Trump in order to gain favor with their voters. A strain on this relationship may only take the U.S back further in it’s effort for a more secure border.

How will this affect the environment? 

Another factor to remember about potentially building a wall is it’s affect on the delicate ecosystem of the U.S-Mexico border. Man-made infrastructure of all kind effects these ecosystems, including the many roads that will be needed to be built for workers to access the areas. The caliber of the Wall, however, could destroy habitats, affect the way these animals migrate, and potentially cause extinction. Many species, including the North American Jaguar, bighorn sheep and black bears, depend on movement between the u.s and mexico to maintain genetic diversity. Human barriers can also disrupt pollination and disturb watersheds and waterways, which can lead to flooding.

The consequences of human barriers is unpredictable, and building a wall still won’t guarantee security or safety for the American people. We need to ask if this is truly necessary for our country (which, as stated earlier, 23% agree it is not.) There are many other ways to improve immigration policy, many Americans care much more about people overstaying their visas or whether or not illegal immigrants are receiving government benefits than they do about building a wall. The potential $40 billion could be spent on our education system, on housing veterans, or perhaps on cleaning up the water in Flint, Michigan. We have to ask what our priorities are. Do we want to be represented by The Wall or The Statue of Liberty?

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Buffalo takes a stand for peace after recent shootings around America

After the rising tension between civilians and police officers across the United States, Buffalo is living up to its name as “the city of good neighbors” by hosting a memorial, not only to mourn and respect all of the lives that have been lost in recent events, but to truly bring people together and start authentic conversation about how to heal our nation. I had the pleasure of going down to Niagara Square to listen in and partake in these encouraging and inspiring conversations, and it was nothing short of moving. Regardless of race, profession, or political preference, everyone was there with the common ground of wanting to heal and grow beyond all of the violence that has gained so much recent attention. Many agreed that the way mainstream media has been reporting on these events only continues to divide us rather than bring us together.

Watch the interviews HERE

Millennials and Technology: Are we more disconnected?

We love our phones. Whether it’s Snapchat, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tumblr, Tindr…you get the point. Alongside the many stereotypes we’ve been examining in this series, not the least of these is that Millennials are obsessed with our computers and cell phones to an obnoxious degree. I can’t say this is completely untrue. But I also can’t say this is a bad thing.

“Look Up” by Gary Turk is a poem turned viral video that explains why our reliance on technology is making us miss our life around us. “I have 422 friends, yet I’m lonely,” says Turk, “I talk to them every day, yet none of them really know me.” This video has hit over 50 million views, so it has clearly resonated with people on some level. After watching the entire video, though, I have to attribute this going viral because of its appeal to emotion. There is a love story thrown in, of course, and the entire plot is that if he hadn’t looked up from his phone to ask a cute girl for directions, he never would’ve gotten married, had children, or lived a beautiful life. But what about all of the people who would’ve never met if it wasn’t for websites like Match, or GlutenFreeSingles.com? Turk goes on to say that our sense of community, companionship and inclusion is all an illusion. That we only share our best bits but leave out all of the emotion. But this completely depends on who you are as a person. The struggle to be honest on social media, or the need to make your life look perfect, only reflects an internal struggle of being honest in your everyday life. If you’re fearful of being yourself online, chances are you’re fearful of being yourself in person, too. We seek gratification from many things when we are unsatisfied with our lives, social media is only one possible tool turned vice to numb us from ourselves. People can cherry pick and try to perfectly frame their lives, but fakeness has a way of exposing itself over time. Your online self is ultimately a reflection of your real-life self. Technology is only ever a reflection of who you are.

Since history likes to repeat itself, it’s only fair to contextualize these critiques against modern technology by looking backward for a moment. Plato argued against writing, he worried it would disconnect people from having meaningful, present conversations and face-to-face interactions. Erkki Huntamo pointed out that at the turn of the 19th century, people were infatuated and pre-occupied with their kaleidoscopes, giving them “kaleidoscope mania” and distracting them for their daily lives. The telephone had it critiques of making a man lazy by talking on landlines rather than walking to see their friends in person. Television was our main form of entertainment for a time, one that bordered addiction for some, and it was a one-way experience. Our connection to the outside world is always evolving, but the critiques against it seem to remain the same.
On a broader scale, the entire world is connected in a way we never could’ve imagined only twenty years ago. I’m able to keep in touch with people I met on a trip to Nepal roughly 3 years ago, a country 3,000 miles away from my home. It’s not as if we’re looking down at our phones doing nothing – we are constantly connected to events happening around the globe, to our friends and families, to like-minded individuals who would otherwise be strangers if it wasn’t for the Internet. Rather than the one-way experience that is television, our phones and computers allow a constant two-way connection with the entire world. Something like Twitter has connected activists, writers, and consultants instantly.

A team at the University of Florida wanted to study this further by surveying a group of 339 students about the intensity of their smartphone use. The average time spent on their phones was roughly two hours a day. Participants answered questions about their cell-phone use in relation to four categories: trust, political participation, organization participation, and network resources. The results found that heavy smartphone users were positively associated with all four categories, meaning they participated and were more connected to all of the above. So being glued to your phone does not automatically mean being socially disconnected. Quite the opposite. Another study found that those over 75 who used facebook were more likely to fight off dementia. Virtual reality is allowing them to travel around the world to see places they’d otherwise never see. The potential and possibilities for this technology are endless.

This also connects back to us being a very accepting generation. Because we are connected on such a broad scale and we each have this platform for self-expression, we are exposed to endless ideas and shown the wide variety of people, culture, and sub-cultures that exist around the world. We don’t have the same sense of disconnect or fear of “the other” It’s also allowed even the most fringed-person to connect with other like-minded individuals, giving them a sense of community and belonging. It’s allowed us to expand our horizons from our otherwise narrow daily lives. We have access to unlimited data like never before. Knowledge is power, because, before the internet, knowledge was only in the hands of the few. Now it’s become decentralized. We all have access to this information now.

It seems that, overall, technology actually enriches people’s lives by allowing them to include friends and family with intimate life events. It’s true that our attention is spread out to multiple facts at once. Our consciousness is fragmented. So we should remember to turn off our phones, reconnect ourselves to the present moment. Sit outside and breath. Eat dinner with friends or family and hear about their day. Concentrate when you’re driving. But don’t make it seem like we’re a socially inept, disconnected generation when it’s clear that we are the most connected we’ve ever been. Communication is simply evolving, not disappearing. People like to romanticize and reminisce about a pre-tech consumed world, but regardless of how you feel about our current connection with technology, the fact remains that it’s here and it’s here to stay. It will only progress and accelerate from here. How we use it from here is up to us.

What do you think about how technology is affecting our generation, and generations to come?

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Millennials: Generation Narcissus

“They have trouble making decisions. They would rather hike in the Himalayas than climb the corporate ladder. They crave entertainment, but their attention span is as short as one zap of a TV dial.” Time Magazine

This is a short diagnosis of a generation that sounds all too familiar to us Millennials…except, this excerpt from Time magazine isn’t about us. That quote isn’t bemoaning Generation Y, but rather Generation X back in 1990. Earlier, in 1985, Newsweek had a cover showcasing a group of people with heavy camcorders over their shoulders titled “The Video Generation.” complaining that all these people wanted to do was capture their lives on video. Before that, The NY Times called the baby-boomers the “Me” generation in the 60’s. Now? “Me, Me, Me,” says Joel Stein from Time about Generation Y.

We are the Selfie Generation, focused on plastering our every move on social media in order to gain more likes, followers, and ultimately approval. It seems that Facebook is our pond and we are all Narcissus. For all of the stereotypes we get, this one is most commonly thrown around and believed, yet the most inaccurate of them all. It’s clear that every generation is the “Me” generation. The young will always be more self-centered than the aged because our priorities simply become different as we get older. We are currently focused on finding ourselves, our careers, our partners; Yes, we like to take selfies, but humans have always been this way, we just have the technology now to exploit this. You don’t have to be King Henry VIII to get a portrait of yourself. You can just pick up your relatively cheap smartphone and take a picture of your good-looking self right there. Hell, take ten til you get the perfect one. If they had the chance, I’m sure the flappers would’ve been snapchatting their underground, rebellious dance parties in the 1930’s and the baby-boomers would’ve uploaded all of Woodstock to YouTube.

The most popular article that really sparked the conversation of whether Millennials are the most narcissistic generation yet is Joel Stein’s article for Time titled “The Me, Me, Me Generation” His article was one of the first to put Millennials in the spotlight as a group of lazy, entitled, self-centered and shallow youth. But wait, says Stein, “I have statistics!” According to the National Institute of Health, the incidence of narcissistic personality disorder is nearly three times as high for people in their 20s as for the generation that’s now 65 or older. 58% more college students scored higher on narcissism in 2009 than in 1982. But these statistics simply aren’t empirically accurate. Let’s take a closer look at the NIH’s finding of NPD being three times higher for those in their 20’s compared to those now 65 or older. As mentioned before, this has much more to do with age differences rather than differences in generational characteristics. People in their twenties simply have different priorities compared to those in their sixties. The methodology used in the study for NPI, or Narcissistic Personality Inventory, isn’t the most solid methodology, either. Interviewers sat down with both age groups and interviewed them about their behaviours. The younger group were asked to describe their current lives and how they behave now while the older group were asked to recall and describe how they behaved decades ago. How accurate can their memory be of events that happened over 40 years ago? The NPI questionnaire is also very black and white. Respondents must choose one statement from two which best reflects their views. Questions include “It doesn’t make a difference if I’m a leader or not” or “I would prefer to be a leader” as well as “I am assertive” or “I wish I were more assertive.”

Furthermore, the NPI test uses positive traits that are attributed to a healthy self-esteem as indicators for narcissism. What could be considered narcissism is also what could simply be individualism, high self-esteem, and a desire for self-expression. There is such a fine line that it’s no wonder we get this claim.These tests have blurred the line between self-improvement and malicious self-obsession. In actuality, less than 5% of the American population can be properly diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder.
To Steins credit, he doesn’t solely put down our generation. After numerous paragraphs describing the data collected about our heightened narcissism, Joel rounds it off by offering that there’s still some good in us. He admits that despite any fear of a narcissism epidemic, we are a very kind generation who accepts all types of people. We may have a higher focus on ourselves and improving our own lives, but an extension of that self-esteem is the desire for others to have it, too.

It’s true, our generation is all about loving yourself. But this movement for self-acceptance is a desire to celebrate and embrace everything that makes us different from each other rather than having it separate us. If genuine narcissism was a trademark of our generation, this movement for acceptance wouldn’t be. The majority of us have a very positive attitude about the future. We want rewarding and inspiring work, we crave authenticity and creativity, and we like to share this with the world. We all, on some level, desire to change the world. We care deeply about the environment, we tend to buy local and organic goods (regardless of income), and our focus and care is about family, friends, and helping the community. So it seems that this claim that Millennials are a group of self-obsessed narcissist’s proves to be shallow. It has become an over-used catchphrase to throw at younger crowds that older generations simply find annoying or don’t understand, but holds little truth about who we truly are.

What do you think? Are we the most narcissistic generation yet, or do we just have healthy self esteems coupled with social media?

Why Are Millennials So Entitled & Lazy? (Defending Millennials: Part 1)

Ah, the generational gap. A never-ending phenomenon for us humans. For every generation, there is one looming right behind them ready to criticize, complain, and berate the up and coming youth of the world. And understandably so, considering as one generation ages, they will inevitably begin to worry when they see their leading voices and power in the world being passed on to a new group. They have to ask themselves–who are we leaving the world to?

That’s where we come in–”The Millenials,” or, “Generation Y.” I say “we” because I am one of them, so I’ll admit I have some bias in this. However, that’s what’s pushed me to start this series, because as a millennial, I see the critiques towards us more as convenient and vapid trend pieces rather than valid social critiques. We have been plastered all over the media within the last few years. The list of critiques includes that we are lazy and entitled, that we are extremely narcissistic, that we are a cell-phone obsessed people (okay, I’ll give you that one), but that we are being separated, rather than connected, by this technology. Time called us the “Me, Me, Me” generation, The Daily Mail “The wasted generation,” and a poll conducted in 2014 found that 69% of Americans believe those under 30 years old are lazy. It seems a little ridiculous to be putting such large and negative generalizations onto a generation made up of over 80 million individuals. Of course, no person or group is perfect, and there is much that my generation could work on, but this series is going to be about breaking down and demystifying these generalizations about generation Y. In part one of this series, we’ll be looking at why we’re deemed as lazy and entitled.

We’re the generation that seems to fit the old “failure to launch” stereo-type. A pew research analysis from the census bureau data shows that young adults living in their parents household are the highest it’s been since the 1950’s and has increased significantly within the last six years. Since the Great Recession of 2008, which has much to do with the shaping of younger millennials, the economic backdrop for us has been bleak, although getting brighter. Many of us are graduating with degrees and massive student loan debt with slim pickings for jobs, which then forces young millennials to move back in with their parents as they try to get on their feet. We’ve grown up in the worst economic climate since the Great Depression, so that, coupled with new technology, has made our view of the workforce very different than previous generations. I’m sure our grand or great grandparents had similar feelings of uncertainty, instability, and a thirst for self-exploration, but World War ll had already made those life decisions for them. Expectations we’re clear for men and women, and soldiers came back to a booming economy. They didn’t need a graduate degree to get a job that would allow them to comfortably live in the middle class. This generation, dubbed The Greatest Generation, was forced to immediately transition from child to adult out of necessity. It’s understandable how they look at us now and think we are childish for our age because we seem to have a quarter of responsibilities they were forced to have from a young age.

Jeffrey Arnett, a professor in the department of Psychology at Clark University, has proposed that there is a new demographic society needs to address and accept called “emerging adulthood.” Presented in an article for American Psychologist back in 2000, Arnett is now the leader of a movement to view the 20’s as a distinct life phase. This is analogous to what happened over a century ago when social and economic changes were made after recognizing what we now take for granted as “adolescents” or teenage-hood. When asked if they feel they have reached adulthood, the majority of American millennials said: “in some respects yes, in some respects no.” There are five defining factors of this life-stage, including a sense of broad possibilities for the future, selfishness, feeling in-between, instability, and most importantly, identity exploration. Through trying out different possibilities, we develop a more definite identity, including an understanding of who we are, what our capabilities and limitations are, what our beliefs and values are, and how these all fit into the society around us. As mentioned before, we aren’t able to so easily assimilate into a workforce post-college like before due to the economic climate we’ve grown up in, prolonging this sense of feeling “in-between” as we stay with our parents to figure out how to take the next step in life.

This phenomenon is not found just in America, but it is found mostly in OECD countries (organization for economic co-operation and development), which includes Canada, Western Europe, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand. So this new phase in life could be viewed as a privileged phase to have. It is a very post-industrial, post-technological development of society. Again, we aren’t forced to immediately become adults out of necessity for survival like previous generations, our technology has allowed us to prolong adolescence while still assimilating to adult life. Some say this new developmental stage is only a temporary by-product of economic and cultural forces. Others, like Arnett, believe this is deeper than that, and may very well be better suited to our neurological hard-wiring. This stage most likely always existed but was never given the chance to be explored.

Society is built on the expectation of a certain “normal” progression: finish school, start your career, settle down and start a family. This simply isn’t happening anymore. We remain untethered to romantic partners because we prolong marriage, we rarely stay in one place during this time, we go back to school and get ourselves into debt for a seeming lack of better options, and then proceed to compete ferociously for unpaid internships, all of this stalling typical “adulthood.” Arnett’s theory is still being heavily debating within the psychological community, but this is very similar to the shift that had to happen when society began to recognize teenage-hood as it’s own developmental stage in life, which we very much take for granted now. Emerging adulthood may very well allow us to become better adults, and perhaps avoid the common and notorious “mid-life” crisis that so many in older generations are aware of, because we truly explored ourselves to a much deeper level than they were allowed to.

A study done in 2015 by Elance-Odesk and Millennial Branding found that hiring managers see millennials in the workforce as more adaptable, more open to change, more creative, and more entrepreneurial than previous generations. They also found that 79% of millennials would consider quitting their job in order to work for themselves in the future. Much of our perceived laziness is actually us utilizing the technology we have to our advantage, allowing us to get the job done more efficiently so that we can do things we enjoy with our extra free time. Freelancing and flexibility are also appealing to us, we’ve blurred the lines between learning, working, and having fun, because, well, we can. We’ve been forced to look for creative, out-of-the-box ways to make a living, so we do our best to intertwine our passions into our work. We don’t have the promise of pensions, we fear we won’t see the social security we’re paying into, and many of us watched our parents lose jobs they’ve invested in for years. We recognize how insecure each job we have is, which makes us very much have to look out for ourselves. Loyalty isn’t a defining characteristic of our work ethic, self-preservation is. So if we seem entitled, it’s because we have to be. We are entrepreneurs, philanthropists, multi-taskers, and self-branders. We don’t take the traditional path because the traditional path is not available to us anymore.

Why I’ve Decided Not To Go To School (For Now)

It has been so ingrained into our heads that college is absolutely necessary to have any sort of quality life. Many of the baby boomer generation, for example, don’t seem to understand that the increasing cost of schooling and vast decline of jobs is making college more of a crater that we’re getting ourselves stuck in rather than a jumping board to help our careers start out strong. Instead of investing our time, money, and energy into doing what we are passionate about, and learning about the world around us through those willing to show us, we are getting drown in massive debt with no solid way out. This means that rather than being able to focus on changing and benefitting the world around us, we are forced to work jobs that have nothing to do with our degree in the first place, to make sure we can stay afloat despite the massive debt hovering over our heads like an ominous cloud that can’t be forgotten. This is a narrative too familiar for my generation; a truth that stings for so many. And I’m sorry that many have believed that without school, they’d get nowhere. This is far from reality, and only perpetuates a crushing sense of obligation to do something they know deep down is, well…a waste of time. Currently, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data, 260,000 people with college or even professional degrees are still working minimum wage jobs. Furthermore, according to Center Of Labor Studies at Northeastern University, more than a third of recent college grads with jobs are working in positions that don’t require a degree. There are plenty more studies coming out that say the same.

Going to college in hopes of figuring out what you want to do can also be detrimental to your bank account. I don’t know if self exploration warrants getting yourself in over ten grand of debt. That’s why I initially decided not to go to school right away. I graduated from high school only two years ago, and have since been working two jobs, traveling, and volunteering where I can. Rather than spending money, I’ve been saving, and finding myself all the while. During this time I realized my passion for knowledge, people, and writing could be combined into journalism and media. So I began planning to go back to school. I went through all the motions of signing up, doing all the paper work for FASFA, and even checking the campus out, yet the whole time there was still a part of me that felt torn. Was this really the right decision for me?

The answer is no. And I’ve known the answer for quite some time. It came down to having the courage to make this decision, despite the endless sea of critics that will most likely assume my lack of desire to waste thousands of hard-earned dollars on a relatively useless degree stems from laziness rather than genuine concern and examination of a system that is well on its way out. I want to show people that by stepping outside of your comfort zone, and refocusing your energy, you can actually create what you want to do rather than waiting for a piece of paper to tell you that you can do it.

Now, am I saying that schooling obsolete? Absolutely not. There are careers that genuinely need a college degree. Doctors, lawyers, engineers…but the amount of liberal arts degrees like philosophy, writing, and art seem to be rampant in comparison. I’m hoping that in taking this step and being true to myself will give others who know college isn’t right for them the courage to do the same. I want to explore the world around me, to discover and spread truth, and to share this and empower people to know that they truly can change this world. This decision is by no means an easy way out of having to work hard. It rather is a way to refocus my energy and time into doing what I want to do.

Jim Carrey gave a beautiful and inspiring speech at Maharishi University in 2014, and what he says in this video perfectly summarizes why I’m taking this leap into following a path less taken. He explains that his father, too, wanted to become a comedian, but out of false security, took the practical job as an accountant. And, guess what? He was let go from his job. Carrey goes on to say that, although his father taught him many lessons throughout his life, the number one lesson is that you can fail at what you don’t want to do, so you might as well take a chance on doing what you love.

If you’re interested in coming on this awesome journey with me, subscribe to my channel Curious Rabbit Media for updates on articles and videos I’ll be posting!